The type of colon cancer treatment that your physician may recommend depends to a large extent on the stage the cancer has reached.
The three main types of treatment are:
Colectomy is the main solution for colon cancer treatment.
As for the size of the part that will be removed (removed) from the colon during the surgery, or whether there are other additional therapeutic types,
such as radiotherapy or chemotherapy, that constitute an appropriate solution for this or that patient related to several factors, the most important of which are:
the location of the cancerous tumor, the depth to which The cancer has burrowed (penetrated)
the wall of the colon and whether the cancer has spread (metastasized) to the lymph glands or other internal organs in the body.
The surgeon removes the part of the colon that contains the cancerous tumor, along with additional edges of healthy tissue surrounding it from all
sides, in order to ensure that the entire tumor is completely removed.
In addition, the lymph nodes located next to the large intestine are usually
removed in order to inspect and examine them to ensure that there are no cancer cells in them.
Usually, a surgeon can reconnect the remaining healthy portion of the colon with the rectum.
If this is not possible (if a carcinoid tumor is located at the end of the colon, for example) then a stoma may be required, either temporary or
permanent. A stoma is opened in the wall of the colon and a special bag is connected to it, into which intestinal faeces and secretions are excreted. Sometimes this stoma may be temporary, to help the intestine and rectum
recover and heal after surgery. However, at other times, there may be a need to keep the stoma permanently open.
In some very rare cases, such as the presence of genetic factors, such as neoplastic polyposis syndrome, or inflammatory bowel syndromes, such as
ulcerative colitis, a cancer specialist advises, in general, a total resection of the colon and rectum and their complete removal, in order to prevent the
emergence of cancerous tumors in them, in the future .
Surgery for early stages of cancer
If the carcinoid tumor is small in size and is located within a polyp at a very early stage of development, a surgeon can remove the entire tumor during
a colonoscopy examination. But if the tests show that the tumor is not present at the base of the polyp – the site where the polyp attaches to the
wall of the colon – it is very likely that the cancer has been completely removed.
Surgery for advanced stages of colon cancer
If the cancer has reached a very advanced stage, or if the general health situation is weak and deteriorating, then the most appropriate solution may
be, perhaps, surgery to open the blockage in the colon, which relieves the symptoms that cause distress and suffering.
Prevention of colon cancer
Lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of infection:
There are many steps one can take to reduce the risk of colon cancer, by making some changes in his lifestyle, including:
- Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains
- Cut back on fats, especially saturated fats
- Follow a balanced and varied diet in order to increase the amount of vitamins and minerals that the body needs
- Reducing the consumption of alcoholic beverages
- stop smoking
- Get physical activity and maintain a healthy weight
Medicines to prevent colon cancer
A doctor should be consulted about what medications can be taken to reduce the risk of developing the disease.
It has been shown that there are certain medications that reduce the risk of precancerous polyps or colon cancer. However, we do not have enough
evidence to recommend these medications to people who are at risk of developing colon cancer:
- Aspirin (Aspirin)
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), not aspirin
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