Corona dictionary

Coronavirus testi yapan hastaneler
Coronavirus (COVID-19)

With the corona virus outbreak emerging in China at the end of 2019 and spreading rapidly all over the world, many new terms have entered news sources and daily life. VOA Turkish compiled the most commonly read and heard terms.

  • ACE2 (Angiotensin Converting Enzyme 2): It’s a protein most commonly found in the lungs, heart and kidneys. This protein prevents the lung from inflaming and collecting water. However, the Corona virus sticks to ACE2, disrupting its function. The elevation of ACE2 also increases the risk of disease.
  • Underlying disease: Long-term health problems such as asthma, diabetes, HIV, chronic lung disease, cancer, cardiovascular diseases
  • Anecdote evidence: Unscientific data generated not by the rules of systematic scientific study but by statements that are randomly collected, based on rumors, and conveyed experiences listened to from others
  • Antibody: Organic immune agent produced by the body to render the factors that cause any disease harmless
  • Asymptomatic: A disease that does not give symptoms and is silent
  • Vaccine: Melt, which is used to activate antibodies that may be ineffective in the face of certain viruses and is given to the body through muscle, vein or mouth. If the body is given weakened or killed microbes by vaccine, the body gains resistance by producing antibodies to the substances of these microbes.
  • Immunodeficiency: Impaired coordination between elements of the body’s defense system due to a chronic health problem, drug suppression or malnutrition. Those with weak immunity can fail to fight germs and diseases.
  • Corona virus: Family of viruses that cause severe diseases such as SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) and MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) from

    colds COVID-19: The short name given by the World Health Organization to respiratory disease caused by the new type of Corona virus SARS-CoV2 (Corona Virus Disease of 2019)
  • Flattening the bell curve: The principle that fewer people contract the disease in unit time. It aims to slow down the virus and prevent the infrastructure of hospitals and countries from collapsing.
  • Double blind operation: It is a method used to reduce bias in clinical research and experiments. Neither the researchers nor the subjects know whether the new method or placebo was applied to the subjects covered by the study.

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  • ECMO (Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation): Unlike a ventilator, i.e. an artificial respirator, in cases of heart and lung failure, the machine that performs the function of these organs. It also provides blood circulation outside of breathing.
  • Infection: After entering the human body of a disease-causing microorganism, it reproduces and multiplies, creating unwanted symptoms and/or diseases
  • Infected: The person who has the infection
  • Intubation: The protection of the respiratory or respiratory tract is the placement of a special tube through the mouth or nose in the respiratory tract when continuous ventilation is required, when oxygen should be given to the lungs by mechanical ventilation. Thanks to the medical intervention that keeps the airway open, the patient is given some lung-related medications when necessary.
  • Intubation: Patient using intubation method in treatment
  • Epidemic: Spread of one disease or other condition and infect many people at once
  • Epidemiology: A branch of medical science that examines the distribution, incidence and markers affecting diseases, accidents and health-related conditions in society
  • Filiation: Study to find the first cause of the disease, especially in infectious diseases
  • Fomit (Fomis): Any inanimate object that can carry infectious agents such as parasites or microbes. Like a door or a car handle, paper or coins, a bus or a subway.
  • Voluntary quarantine: Although the person does not carry the virus and is not sick, it is possible to stay at home due to possible contact

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  • Hypoxia (oxygen deficiency): Insufficiency caused by the tissues not receiving enough oxygen, which ensures its continuity by consuming oxygen
  • Isolation: Patients avoid healthy individuals to prevent the spread of the disease
  • Quarantine: Health measure applied in the form of controlling a certain area or place and preventing entry and exit to prevent the spread of an infectious disease
  • KKE Personal Protective Equipment (Equipment): Especially the materials that health workers use to protect the safety of themselves and then their environment in their environment. This equipment includes gloves, masks, face protectors, medical overalls, aprons.
  • Chloroquine and (hydroxychloroquine): Ninne-derived drugs. Malaria is used in diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus. It is taken orally. It is also used as an experimental treatment for infections due to the new type of Corona virus.
  • Incubation period : The time from encountering the virus to the appearance of the first symptoms
  • Mortality: Mortality rate due to a particular disease in the general population
  • Consultation (Observation): Medical approach applied before intervention or treatment of diseases, in which the patient is followed by continuous examinations
  • Negative pressure isolation room: Patient unit held at negative pressure compared to areas outside the room. Thus, the dirty air of the isolation room cannot circulate inside the hospital and is given outside the hospital.
  • N95: A type of mask that holds particles smaller than 5 microns, which can prevent contagion, especially in viral infections
  • Pandemic: The name given to infectious diseases that simultaneously threaten a large number of people in the world
  • Pulse Oximeter (pulse oximeter): It is a device that records the amount of oxygen in the blood and the pulse. It plays an important role in determining the amount of oxygen that patients who use respirators will receive.
  • R-Zero or R0: Basic contagion or reproductive coefficient. A number that shows how many people on average can be infected, except for the person infected with the virus itself
  • SARS-CoV2: Official name of the new Corona virus that appeared in Wuhan, China
  • Symptom (symptom): Impaired body functions due to an unorthodox condition
  • Symptomatic treatment: Treatment for the elimination of disease symptoms
  • Sepsis: Infection in the body mixes with the blood, causing serious reactions. Blood poisoning
  • Cytokine storm: Millions of white blood cells attack a single point to destroy the virus,

    causing red blood cells to multiply as the body’s protection system and the immune system to deteriorate. The immune system also begins to attack the body and can cause destructive processes in the body. So while the immune system wants to destroy the microbe, it can oversize and damage vital organs.
  • Putting social distancing: To avoid crowded environments, non-essential social gatherings to prevent the spread of the disease, not to leave the house, to leave at least one meter gap in between in case of forced socialization, to avoid social contacts such as shaking hands, hugging and kissing
  • Sporadic Infection: The occurrence of an infectious disease infrequently, in individual cases, independent of any time or place or without order
  • Herd immunity: A sufficient number of people in the community develop collective immunity to any infection. To ensure herd immunity, the necessary immunity rate in the population must be 70-80 percent. If it cannot be provided by vaccine, the only way to create this immunity is for the majority of the population to contract the disease.
  • Case: Person with symptoms that are compatible with the disease
  • Cluster: Patients who are seen collectively in a particular area
  • Ventilator (Respirator): Machine designed to exhale a patient who cannot physically breathe or breathes poorly by moving air into and out of the lungs, providing mechanical breathing
  • The virus is: An organism capable of making it sick, too small to be visible to the eye, that necessarily needs a living structure to reproduce. They continue to multiply rapidly in the patient’s body by destroying the host cell in which they enter.
  • Virulence: Pathogeny of a microbe, that is, the ability to cause disease
  • Viral load: The number of viruses entering the body.
  • World Health Organization (WHO): World Health Organization
  • Close contact (Direct contact): People are physically close enough to infect each other with bodily fluids, including respiratory particles
  • Zoonotic virus: Virus that originates from animals and can be passed on to humans