Abdominal bloating occurs when the digestive system is filled with air or gas. Most people describe bloating as a feeling of fullness, tightness, or swelling in the abdomen. The abdomen may also be swollen, hard and painful, and bloating often accompanies:
- Excessive gas (flatulence)
- Frequent burping or burping
- Gurgles or gurgles
Abdominal bloating can interfere with your ability to work and participate in social or recreational activities. Flatulence is common among adults and children.
Below are more details about the problem of stomach gases, if you already know more about it and want a quick massage method, you can skip to the end of the article.
Causes of stomach gases
Gas and air accumulate but gas is the most common cause of bloating, especially after eating, as gas accumulates in the digestive system when breaking down undigested food or when swallowing air. Everyone swallows air when they eat or drink, but some people can swallow more than others, especially In the following cases:
- Eating or drinking too quickly
- Wearing loose dentures
Belching and flatulence are two signs of a build-up of air from the body. Delayed stomach emptying and gas accumulation can lead to flatulence.
Causes related to medical conditions
Other causes of bloating may be due to medical conditions. These include:
- Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
- Inflammatory bowel disease, such as ulcerative colitis.
- Food intolerance
- Hormonal flow (especially for women)
- Giardiasis (an infection of intestinal parasites)
- Eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa.
- Mental health factors such as stress, anxiety, and depression.
- some medicine
These conditions are caused by factors that contribute to gas and bloating, such as:
- An overgrowth or deficiency of bacteria in the digestive system
- Gas buildup
- Changes in bowel movement
- Impaired transit of gases
- Abnormal reactions in the abdomen
- Hypersensitivity (feeling bloated at small or even normal body changes)
- Poor absorption of food and carbohydrates
Flatulence can also be a symptom of several serious symptoms, including:
- Pathological fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity (ascites) as a result of cancer (such as ovarian cancer), liver disease, kidney failure, or congestive heart failure.
- Celiac disease or gluten intolerance.
- Pancreatic insufficiency, which impairs digestion because the pancreas cannot produce enough digestive enzymes.
- Perforation of the gastrointestinal tract with the exit of gas and bacteria in the intestinal tract and other contents into the abdominal cavity.
Solutions that help improve stomach gas symptoms
In many cases, the symptoms of abdominal bloating can be reduced or even prevented by adopting some simple lifestyle changes such as losing weight, to reduce the formation of gas or ingestion of air, you can:
- Avoid chewing gum, as chewing gum can cause you to swallow extra air, which in turn may cause bloating.
- Reduce your intake of soft drinks.
- Avoid foods that cause gas, such as vegetables in the cabbage family, dried beans, and lentils.
- Eat slowly and avoid drinking through the straw.
- Use dairy products that are lactose free (if you are lactose intolerant).
- Probiotics may also help rebuild healthy gut bacteria.
Bloating is a sensation that makes you feel in the stomach larger than usual, in fact the physical size of the abdomen does not increase until it increases in size by one liter, so a feeling of bloating may occur, but the abdomen is not really bloated, here are additional suggestions to reduce the feeling of bloating:
- Eat slowly and consume smaller, more frequent meals
- Chew your food well
- Drink drinks at room temperature
- Check your dentures to make sure they fit
- Increase physical activity during the day
- Sit up straight after eating
- Take a stroll after eating
It is important not to completely eliminate foods that may cause gas from the diet, as we know, a diet rich in fiber is important for bowel regularity and colon health, so it is worth the patience it may take to slowly get used to these types of carbohydrates.
Start by adding unsuitable high-fiber foods in smaller quantities, such as half a cup or less, and make sure the fluid intake and activity levels are adequate, as they help the foods move through the digestive system.
Natural gas remedies
Natural gas remedies include:
- Mint tea
- Chamomile tea
Talk to your doctor if lifestyle changes and dietary interventions do not relieve flatulence. If your doctor finds a medical cause for bloating, he or she may recommend medical treatments. Treatments may require antibiotics, antispasmodics, or antidepressants, but it also depends on your condition.
Eliminate gases from the abdomen by massaging
Abdominal massage may also help reduce flatulence.One reliable study looked at 80 people with ascites and assigned them a 15-minute abdominal massage twice daily for three days, and the results showed that massage improved depression, anxiety, well-being, and noticeable symptoms of abdominal bloating.
Method of removing gases from the stomach by massage
Note: You must consult a doctor before performing the massage.
- Start on the right side of your stomach, down from the pelvic bone.
- Rub in a gentle circular motion to the right side until you reach the rib bones.
- Move straight across the left side.
- Work your way to the left up to the hip bone and back to the belly button for 2-3 minutes.
- Rub with your fingertips in a circular motion, you can press deeper with your fingers.
- Spend about one minute moving from the right hip bone to the right rib, then one minute across the middle (gently) then one minute up the left bone through the pelvis to the belly button.