History of massage therapy
Massage is one of the oldest treatment methods practiced by a person out of instinct to relieve some of his health problems.
In ancient China it was known as Anma and in ancient Japan they added to the Chinese art of massage (Anma) Japanese shiato.
In Ayurvedic medicine, it gained great importance and Indians used different types of oils, spices and herbs to increase its positive effects.
It also occupied a great position among the ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans, and it is mentioned that Julius Caesar was treated with massage from nerve inflammation, while the famous Arab doctor (Ibn Sina) devoted a part of his book Law in Medicine to mention the benefits of massage and this book remained one of the most important medical references for Europeans for many years.
At present, therapeutic massage is widely used as a stand-alone treatment or as a complementary treatment to traditional treatments, helping to relieve many health problems, especially those associated with muscles and joints, as a relaxation aid.
The name of massage has been associated with Swedish massage, because the most important pioneer of modern Swedish massage is “Berheenrik Liebig”, who developed several systems for practicing massage.
How does massage work
It works on a physiological and psychological level, hand movements on the body warm, tender, pressure, feel relaxation and psychological comfort, as well as massage movements affect the skin, muscles, blood vessels and nerves.
Deep massage stimulates the immune system, blood circulation, lymph circulation, and digestive system, while a gentle light massage generally helps to relax.
The skin is filled with the so-called sense centers of palpation, and when the movement of the hand is triggered on the skin, vibrations are emitted through the sensory nerves of the spinal cord and from there to the brain, and these vibrations compete with the vibrations that reach the brain from the pain areas and reach before them, which explains the feeling of relief in situations of pain in general and these vibrations Those that reach the brain stimulate the secretion of natural painkillers or endorphins, which contribute to relieving pain.
On the level of “vital energy”, the procedure stimulates the flow of “K-othe” through its pathways, which helps in restoring the balance of the body.
Methods of action of massage
A convenient way to start a massage session.
Fit large areas of the body such as the back.
– It is done with the palms of the hands from the bottom up towards the heart, then the hands branch around the shoulders.
– The hands move in a circular motion, one in the clockwise direction and the other in the opposite direction, or the hands can be used together and placed one on top of the other.
This method is suitable for massaging large areas of the body, such as the back.
Massage with two thumbs
Use the thumb to apply pressure to the skin and push it lengthwise with a soft, strong movement, or use the thumb to make constant and repeated pressure, or use the thumb in a small circular motion.
– This method is suitable for massaging specific muscle areas, as in cases of painful knots or muscle rheumatism.
The hand takes the form of a fist with the fingers relaxed.
The masseur pulses or hits the area with one hand after the other, with rapid, lightning movements.
– The same massage can also be performed on both sides of the hands, i.e. with the sword of religion, the hands, or the backs of the hands.
This method is particularly suitable for the area above the shoulders.
Opinion of traditional medicine
There is a lot of research that has proven its effectiveness in improving general health, helping to achieve psychological and emotional balance and its positive effect on the circulatory system, the lymphatic system , the digestive system, and the musculoskeletal system.
And researchers at (Royal Marsden Hospital) in London found in 1995 that cancer patients respond well to the effect of massage, as it counteracts their feelings of tension, helps them sleep comfortably, and reduces the sensation of pain.
In the year 1986 AD, a study conducted by researchers at the American Miami Hospital indicated that underweight infants when they undergo a daily massage process, this helps them quickly gain weight for newborns who did not undergo the daily massage process.
At the present time, it is considered an important complementary therapies for traditional medicine treatments in many Western health centers and hospitals.
Areas of its treatment
In alternative medicine, it is used as a way to support the general state of health, aiding the flow of energy to prevent disease, such as: –
- Stress and nervous anxiety
- Back and joint pain .
- Poor blood circulation to the extremities.
- Cases of colic and indigestion.
- Headache and migraine .
- Hyperactivity .
- Labor troubles.
- Inflammation of the nerves .
- Heart palpitations .
- Trouble conceiving.
- Psychological stress .
- Lightheadedness and dizziness.
- Ear pain