What are the types, benefits and risks of massage?

Massage are no longer only available in luxury spas and high-end spas. Today, massage therapy is offered in workplaces, clinics, hospitals, and even at airports. Learn about the health benefits of massage and what to expect during a massage therapy session.

  • What is a massage?

Massage is a general term for pressing, stroking, rubbing, and treating the skin, muscles, tendons, and ligaments. Usually, massage therapists use their hands and fingers, but they may use forearms, elbows, and even feet as well. The massage may range from light touch to deep pressure.

There are many types of massage, including the following popular types:

  • Swedish massage

This is a gentle type of massage that uses long rubbing, kneading, deep circular motions, vibration and tapping, to help you relax and energize.

  • Deep massage

In this approach, the body scrubs more slowly and forcefully to target the deeper layers of muscle and connective tissue, and this method usually helps the muscles affected by injuries.

  • Sports massage

This type is similar to Swedish massage, but is intended for those involved in sports activities to prevent and treat injuries.

  • Therapeutic massage 

This massage focuses on sensitive areas of muscle fibers that are tight within muscles after being injured or overused.

  • What are the benefits of massage?

Massage is part of complementary or alternative medicine and is increasingly being offered alongside standard treatments for a wide range of medical conditions. And studies confirm the benefits of massage that it is an effective treatment for reducing tension, pain and muscle tension.

While the need for further research to confirm the benefits of massage, but some studies have shown the benefit of massage is also in the following cases:

– anxiety.
Digestive disorders.
Fibromyalgia.
Headache
Insomnia related to stress.
Myofascial pain syndrome.
Numbness and nerve pain.
Soft tissue strain or injury.
– Sports injuries.
TMJ pain.

In addition to the benefits of massage for specific conditions or diseases, some people enjoy it because it often involves a feeling of care and comfort. Despite the benefits of massage, it is not a substitute for regular medical care. Let your doctor know that you are trying massage and be sure to follow any standard treatment plans you have.

  • The dangers of massage

Most people will benefit from massage. However, massage may not be appropriate in the following cases:

– bleeding disorders or taking blood thinners and anticoagulants.
Burns and wounds that are open or heal.
Deep vein thrombosis.
Fractures.
Acute osteoporosis
Acute thrombocytopenia.

Talk to your doctor about the pros and cons of massage, especially if you are pregnant or have unexplained cancer or pain.

Some types of massages may make you feel slight sore the next day. But massage isn’t supposed to be painful or uncomfortable all the time, and if any part of the massage doesn’t feel good or painful, tell it right away. Most of the serious issues can come from the extra pressure during the massage.