Colon cancer is a type of cancer that affects the colon. The colon is the last part of the large intestine, from the digestive system.
Colon cancer (rectum) is cancer of the last 15 centimeters of the colon. Together, these two types of cancer are called colorectal cancer, or: “colorectal cancer”.
In most cases, colon cancer begins as a small mass of non-cancerous cells called an “adenomatous polyp”.
After a period of time, the polyps that have formed turn into cancerous masses in the colon.
These polyps may be small and accompanied by very few, if any, symptoms. And the scans that are done regularly can prevent the emergence and development of colon cancer, by early detection of polyps before they turn into cancerous tumors.
If there are any signs of colon cancer symptoms, they may include:
- A change in normal bowel activity
- Blood in the stool
- Permanent stomach cramps (colic)
- Flatulence (flatulence) or stomach pain